harsh

harsh
harsh [ha:ʃ US ha:rʃ] adj
▬▬▬▬▬▬▬
1¦(conditions)¦
2¦(treatment/criticism)¦
3¦(sound)¦
4¦(light/colour)¦
5¦(lines/shapes etc)¦
6¦(cleaning substance)¦
▬▬▬▬▬▬▬
[Date: 1300-1400; Origin: Probably from a Scandinavian language]
1.) ¦(CONDITIONS)¦
harsh conditions are difficult to live in and very uncomfortable
= ↑severe
The hostages are being held in extremely harsh conditions .
harsh winter/weather/climate
the harsh Canadian winters
a vulnerable young girl suddenly exposed to the harsh realities of life
2.) ¦(TREATMENT/CRITICISM)¦
severe, cruel, or unkind
harsh criticism/treatment/punishment etc
His theory met with harsh criticism from colleagues.
the harsh measures taken against the protestors
'She's an idiot!' 'Aren't you being a bit harsh?'
a harsh, authoritarian regime
He had harsh words (=severe criticism) for the Government.
3.) ¦(SOUND)¦
unpleasantly loud and rough
≠ ↑soft
harsh voice/laugh/tone etc
His voice was harsh and menacing.
4.) ¦(LIGHT/COLOUR)¦
unpleasantly bright
≠ ↑soft
She stood outside, blinking in the harsh sunlight.
5.) ¦(LINES/SHAPES ETC)¦
ugly and unpleasant to look at
the harsh outline of the factories against the sky
6.) ¦(CLEANING SUBSTANCE)¦
too strong and likely to damage the thing you are cleaning
My skin is quite sensitive and I find some soaps too harsh.
>harshly adv
'Shut up,' Boris said harshly.
>harshness n [U]

Dictionary of contemporary English. 2013.

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  • harsh — [ harʃ ] adjective ** ▸ 1 difficult to live in ▸ 2 about actions/words ▸ 3 facts: unpleasant & true ▸ 4 about sounds/lights etc. ▸ 5 substances: damaging 1. ) harsh conditions or places are unpleasant and difficult to live in: the harsh… …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • Harsh — Orígenes musicales Hard Rock Heavy Metal Rock Alternativo Noise Rock Orígenes culturales A mediados de la década de 2000 en Buenos Aires, Argentina. Instrumentos comunes …   Wikipedia Español

  • harsh´ly — harsh «hahrsh», adjective. 1. unpleasantly rough to the touch: »a harsh towel, fruit with a harsh rind. SYNONYM(S): rugged. 2. unpleasantly rough to the taste; astringent: »a harsh flavor. SYNONYM(S): acrid, sour, sharp …   Useful english dictionary

  • Harsh — may refer to:* Harsh, Sikar, Shekhawati, Rajasthan, India * Harsh noise, a genre of noise music * Harsh voice, the production of speech sounds with a constricted laryngeal cavity * Vivian G. Harsh (1890 1960), American librarianPeople with the… …   Wikipedia

  • Harsh — (h[aum]rsh), a. [Compar. {Harsher} (h[aum]rsh [ e]r); superl. {Harshest}.] [OE. harsk; akin to G. harsch, Dan. harsk rancid, Sw. h[ a]rsk; from the same source as E. hard. See {Hard}, a.] 1. Rough; disagreeable; grating; esp.: (a) disagreeable to …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • harsh — [härsh] adj. [ME harsk, akin to Ger harsch, rough, raw < IE base * kars, to scratch, comb > L carduus, thistle, carrere, to card (wool)] 1. unpleasantly sharp or rough; specif., a) grating to the ear; discordant b) too bright or vivid to… …   English World dictionary

  • harsh — harsh·en; harsh·ly; harsh·ness; harsh; …   English syllables

  • harsh — I adjective acerb, acerbic, acid, acrid, acrimonious, ascetic, astringent, austere, biting, bitter, brusque, brutal, burning, caustic, corrosive, crude, cruel, despiteful, discordant, disrespectful, draconian, drastic, excessive, extreme, feral,… …   Law dictionary

  • harsh|en — «HAHR shuhn», transitive verb. to make harsh. –v.i. to become harsh: »Her voice never weakened, never harshened (Eudora Welty) …   Useful english dictionary

  • harsh — [adj1] rough, crude (to the senses) acrid, asperous, astringent, bitter, bleak, cacophonous, caterwauling, clashing, coarse, cracked, craggy, creaking, croaking, disagreeing, discordant, dissonant, disturbing, earsplitting, flat, glaring, grating …   New thesaurus

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